If you think you've been treated unfairly by your employer, Tees can guide you through the tribunals process.
If you feel like you've been treated unfairly at work, our employment specialists are here to help. You have options - you don't need to put up with unfair treatment at work. Our experts will carefully examine your situation, and explain your legal rights. You might be able to take your employer to an employment tribunal to assert your rights.
Employment tribunals are independent bodies that make decisions to resolve disputes between workers and their employers. They deal with a whole range of issues concerned with work, but the most common ones are claims for unfair dismissal, discrimination and claims about pay. They’re similar to a court and their decisions are legally binding.
Our employment law experts help you with all stages:
There are very strict time limits for making claims to employment tribunals. You usually have just under three months to make a claim and will need to go through ACAS Early Conciliation first. So if you think you might need to take your employer to an employment tribunal, there’s no time to lose. You need to get expert advice.
Following these guidelines can help reduce the risk of an employment tribunal, although all situations are different; get specialist legal advice for your own situation.
An employment tribunal is like a court, specifically for handling employment disputes where an employee is bringing a claim against his or her employer. It’s made up of a judge sitting alone or a panel of three people, one of whom will be a judge, who will be legally qualified in employment law; the other two are lay members – that is, not judges or lawyers by profession, although they will have experience in employment issues. One will be an employee representative, and the other an employer representative. Some cases can be heard just by the judge. Cases of discrimination must be heard by three judges. Although it’s not a requirement to have a lawyer represent you, most people choose to have legal representation.
There is no fee for taking a case to an employment tribunal. In 2017 the Supreme Court judged that the law at that time, which stated claimants must pay, was unlawful. However, most people choose to get a lawyer to help them and of course this means there are legal fees to pay. Your insurance or membership of a trade union may cover some of the costs. In general, both sides will pay for their own legal costs, regardless of whether they win or lose. This helps employees who often have fewer financial resources than employers, to access the employment tribunal system. That said, it’s possible that the tribunal could award costs against a party if their behaviour is deemed by the judge to be, for instance, vexatious or unreasonable.
They will hear cases such unfair dismissal and wrongful dismissal, claims for redundancy payments and/or unlawful deductions from wages and discrimination claims under the Equality Act amongst others.